Website Launching By CM Arvind Kejriwal

Website Launching By CM Arvind Kejriwal

Global Buddhist Foundation has been launched on 31st May 2016 by Shri Honorable Arvind Kejriwal Chief Minister of Delhi State More »

Meritorious Deeds

Meritorious Deeds

He delights here, He delights hereafter, The doer of good delights in both the world, \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\"thinking I have done good\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\", even he delights more when passed away to the next world. More »

Celebration of Buddha Jyanti

Celebration of Buddha Jyanti

Buddha Jayanti Celebration has been held on 21st May 2016 at Rajghat, New Delhi More »

International Seminar

International Seminar

International Seminar held in Meerut regarding Buddhist Prospective on peace More »

Monks with High Commissioner of Sri Lanka Smt. Chitranganee Wagiswara

Monks with High Commissioner of Sri Lanka Smt. Chitranganee Wagiswara

More »

Meeting with Hon\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\'ble Kiren Rijiju, Minister of State for Home Affairs, Government of India More »

Meeting with Hon\\\\\\\'ble Dr. Mahesh Sharma , Minister of Culture and Tourism, Government of India More »

 

Four Bramma Viharas

Four Bramma Viharas / Four sublime states of mind have been taught by the Buddha:
Love or Loving-kindness (metta)
Compassion (karuna)
Sympathetic Joy (mudita)
Equanimity (upekkha)

Metta (Loving-Kindness)
Metta is the first of the four heart practices and can be seen as the foundation of the Brahma-viharas. Metta is a Pali word that is most commonly translated as loving-kindness. That the word metta shares a root with the Pali words for both friendship and gentleness. Although loving-kindness is the most popular translation, we think that “gentle friendliness” is more accurate. Regardless of the English word you use, metta is metta. Rather than seeking to define it perfectly, we should seek to know and understand it experientially.
Metta is a quality of the heart that we cultivate toward all sentient beings (including ourselves). It is the opening of the heart to the experience of others. Put most simply, metta is wishing well for others. It is a friendliness, or a gentleness that we offer. In metta meditation, we practice setting this intention to care for others. We may reflect on our own deepest desire to be happy and at ease, remembering that all other beings share this same desire. Knowing that other beings just want to be happy, we can cultivate a heart that cares for the wellbeing of others. Metta doesn’t mean we walk around feeling joyous all the time; it is simply a quality of caring about beings and their wellness, and it is a unifying quality.

Karuna (Compassion)
The second Brahma-vihara is karuna, or compassion. Compassion can be understood as what happens when metta meets suffering. Whether it is suffering we experience, or the suffering of another, compassion is caring about and being present for the pain we all experience. Compassion is a quivering of the heart in response to suffering in the world. When we come into contact with pain or suffering, the reaction is often to avert. Compassion is an antidote to aversion, which is one of the Three Poisons
1. Craving, Attachment, Clinging,
2. Aversion, Ill-Will, Hatred,
3. Delusion, Ignorance, Confusion) ,
or causes of suffering. Compassion means we “suffer with.” It doesn’t mean we become codependent or rest our happiness on the happiness of another, but we do allow our hearts to open to any suffering with which we come into contact.
In compassion meditation, we practice cultivating the compassionate heart. This means we set the intention to care for the suffering of ourselves and others, rather than pushing it away. Cultivating compassion doesn’t mean we invite suffering in, but we do welcome it when it comes. Setting the intention to care and be present for suffering, we are able to better offer love and support to anybody suffering. Furthermore, compassion helps us not react so strongly with aversion to our own suffering.

Mudita (Appreciative Joy)
The third of the Buddhist heart practices is mudita, or appreciative joy. The Pali word mudita is sometimes translated as sympathetic joy or empathetic joy, but these terms make it hard to relate mudita to our own happiness. We find “appreciative joy” to most accurately represent what mudita is. It is simply the practice of appreciating joy and happiness. Metta becomes compassion when it meets suffering, and it becomes mudita when it meets joy. The quality of mudita is a quality of sharing in joy. When we experience joy ourselves, we often end up not truly appreciating it. We give a reason why we don’t deserve it, know that it won’t last, or simply don’t really notice the joy we are experiencing. With mudita, we recognize the impermanence of joy, and really rejoice in the experience while it is present. When others experience joy, jealousy or judgement may arise. Mudita is an antidote to jealousy and envy, allowing us to simply rejoice that this other person is experiencing happiness.
Mudita practice helps us cultivate this quality by continually setting the intention to be present for joy. Mudita meditation, when practiced over time, opens the heart to the joy in and around us. We begin to see more joy, and really find ourselves stopping to enjoy it. Mudita practice is a gradual process of opening the heart to joy. It may seem like this would be a relatively easy Brahma-vihara to work with, but we often see that we resist actually experiencing joy quite a bit.

Upekkha (Equanimity)
The final of the four Brahma-viharas is upekkha, or equanimity. Equanimity may be seen as the balancing factor that keeps us stable in the opening of the heart. Upekkha is the quality of remaining stable in the midst of everything. As a quality of heart, equanimity helps us not completely base our happiness on the actions and feelings of others. Equanimity is a container of balance that helps hold all of the other Brahma-viharas. Words often used in association with equanimity include acceptance, patience, and stability. This quality of heart, when developed, leads to these three qualities. We are able to separate our wishes for someone from reality, and not cling to how somebody else should act.
With equanimity practice, we recognize that the happiness and suffering of another person is dependent upon the person’s actions. One of the common phrases used in equanimity meditation is, “All beings are in charge of their own karma.” Upekkha practice brings us acceptance and patience with others. Although we may have compassion or wish well for somebody else, this doesn’t mean it will “cure” them or take away all of their suffering. Rather, the heart practices are about opening our own hearts.